Gut health and diet

Diet is considered one of the most important and potentially adjustable factors when considering the composition and function of the gut microbiome.

gut health diet

For example, recent studies exploring the associations between diet and the gut microbiome reveal the importance diet and nutrition has in modulating gut bacteria.

Explore the research articles listed below to learn more about these insights and uncover further links between the gut microbiome and diet.

Microbiome Mediterranean diet

Interested to see how your diet may influence how you feel? Read Food and mood: Can you manage your mental health with diet?

Science Digests/Blogs

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A low-gluten, high-fiber diet may be more beneficial than gluten-free

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Mediterranean diet increases 'good' gut bacteria

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Variance in gut microbiome in Himalayan populations linked to dietary lifestyle

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High-fiber diet shifts gut microbes, lowering blood sugar in diabetics

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Walnuts impact gut microbiome and improve health

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High-fiber diet keeps gut microbes from eating the colon's lining, protects against infection, animal study shows

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In defense of fiber: how changing your diet changes your gut bacteria

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Food as medicine: your brain really does want you to eat more veggies

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Hunter-gatherers' seasonal gut-microbe diversity loss echoes our permanent one

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Low-fiber diet may cause irreversible depletion of gut bacteria over generations


David, L. A. et al.
Diet rapidly and reproducibly alters the human gut microbiome..
Nature 505: 559-563. (2013). Doi: 10.1038/nature12820

Desai, M. S. et al.
A dietary fiber-deprived gut microbiota degrades the colonic mucus barrier and enhances pathogen susceptibility.
Cell 167(5): 1339-1353. (2016). Doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2016.10.043

Garcia-Mantrana, I., Selma-Royo, M., Alcantara, C., & Collado, M. C.
Shifts on gut microbiota associated to Mediterranean diet adherence and specific dietary intakes on general adult population.
Frontiers in Microbiology 9, 890 (2018). Doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.00890

Graf, D. et al.
Contribution of diet to the composition of the human gut microbiota.
Microb. Ecol. Health Dis. 26, 26164 (2015). Doi: 10.3402/mehd.v26.26164

Makki K., Deehan E.C., Walter J. and Bäckhed F.
The impact of dietary fiber on gut microbiota in host health and disease.
Cell Host Microbe 23(6): 705-715. (2018). Doi: 10.1016/j.chom.2018.05.012

Mishra Suman, Monro John, Hedderley Duncan..
Effect of Processing on Slowly Digestible Starch and Resistant Starch in Potato..
Starch Journel, 500-507 (2008).. Doi: DOI 10.1002/star.200800209

Singh, R. K. et al.
Influence of diet on the gut microbiome and implications for human health.
J. Transl. Med. 15, 73 (2017). Doi: 10.1186/s12967-017-1175-y

Tindall A.M., Petersen K.S., and Kris-Etherton, P.M.
Dietary patterns affect the gut microbiome-the link to risk of cardiometabolic diseases.
The Journal of Nutrition 148(9): 1402-1407. (2018). Doi: 10.1093/jn/nxy141

Valdes, A. M., Walter, J., Segal, E., & Spector, T. D.
Role of the gut microbiota in nutrition and health.
BMJ (Clinical research ed.) 361(S1): 36-44. (2018). Doi: 10.1136/bmj.k2179

Xu, Z. & Knight, R.
Dietary effects on human gut microbiome diversity.
The British Journal of Nutrition 113(S1): S1-S5. (2015). Doi: 10.1017/S0007114514004127

Yadav. M., Verma, M.K. and Chauhan, N.S.
A review of metabolic potential of human gut microbiome in human nutrition.
Archives of Microbiology 200(2): 203-217. (2018). Doi: 10.1007/s00203-017-1459-x